For several years, there were only two centers in
Shiraz and Tehran where academic pediatric
nephrology was practiced and Prof. Hashemi and
Prof. Bodaghi took care of children with renal
disease (Figure 1).
Later on, prior to the Islamic revolution, Dr.
Ahmad Mashouf began to take care of children
with renal diseases at the former Shahrazad, and
the current Ali Asghar Children’s Hospital. Dr.
Shams Vazirian, Dr. Abbas Madani, and Dr.
Malektaj Honarmand collaborated with Dr.
Bodaghi in Children’s Hospital Medical Center. The
first pediatric kidney transplantation was done by
Dr. Iraj Fazel in 1987 in Iran. In 1990, after the
Islamic revolution, the minister of health and
medical education, Dr. Reza Malekzadeh, decided
to establish subspecialty centers for pediatric
nephrology in the Iranian universities. So, the first
department of pediatric nephrology for fellowship
training courses and caring of children with renal
disorders was founded by Dr. Ghamar Hosseini –
Alhashemi in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
in 1990; after that, other centers were founded (in
Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Tehran, by Dr.
Abbas Madani; in Kermanshah by Dr. Shams
Vazirian; in Aliasghar Hospital, Tehran, by Dr.
Hasan Otukesh; and after a while in Sheikh
Hospital, Mashhad, by Dr. Esmaeeli; and in Mofid
Hospital, Tehran, by Dr. Mostafa Sharifian.) These
centers offer fellowship programs that consist of a
two-year course aimed at training academic
pediatric nephrologists that are able to establish
their own centers. The fellowship program
provides acquaintance with a wide variety of renal
diseases and patient care including inpatient care,
consultation, outpatient visits, and care of
transplant recipients. They become proficient in
all technical aspects such as kidney biopsy,
peritoneal dialysis, and hemodialysis, and acquire
experience in interpretation of pathological
samples and radiologic studies [5,6]. Since the
establishment of the pediatric nephrology
program, about 70 trainees have graduated who
are mostly working as faculty members across the
country. Fortunately, this prevents from sending
children to foreign centers for nephrology care
and transplantation. The Iranian Society of
Pediatric Nephrology was found in 2007 in Iran.
This society has more than 80 members up to
now. It has held 3 congresses and more than 20
scientific seminars in recent years. Another
important achievement of this society was to
found the Journal of Pediatric Nephrology in Iran